Basic TEFL Qualifications
Is there an age limit for TEFL?
People of all ages teach English. Indeed, many trainees in TEFL certificate courses have retired from their traditional professional lives. Schools often favour more mature teachers who can perhaps bring the benefit of business or professional experience to their lessons. Many people have started a second career in TEFL in middle age.
Do I need to be qualified to teach EFL?
Qualifications are not always essential, especially in certain parts of the world and for certain schools. In some countries, simply being a native speaker of English is enough. In others, a university degree in any subject, without any teaching or English qualifications, will suffice. Having said that, there is no doubt that a recognised TEFL qualification of some kind will open more doors, more rapidly, in more countries and at higher salaries. It will also be of practical value to you personally - not to mention your students - in giving you the confidence, skills and experience that will put you at ease in a classroom.
Can I teach EFL if I am not a native speaker?
Everything depends on your level. If you are bilingual or of near-native level, you can enrol in TEFL courses and teach EFL just as any native speaker. If your level is lower than this, you may be able to teach but only within your own country or in more remote parts of the world.
Can I do a TEFL course if I am not a graduate?
Yes. Although many centres require candidates to have a university degree in some discipline, it is equally possible to find others where the only requirements are a good command of English and a good educational background.
What qualifications are there for TEFL?
No single, standard international TEFL qualification currently exists. In North and Central America and much of the Far East, the most important qualification is a good first degree. In the European Union, the British Commonwealth and much of South America and Central Europe qualification means having passed a 70-hour TEFL course (including observed teaching practice) and often, but not always, having a university degree in any discipline.
Although various TEFL courses exist, those that are validated by external bodies, such as the Cambridge/RSA or Trinity College, London certificates, are usually preferred.
Cambridge ELT Certificate (CELTA)
This certificate course is often considered to be the reference for TEFL qualifications and is widely respected internationally. The full name is the Cambridge ELT Certificate in English Language Teaching to Adults (CELTA). This replaces the previous Certificate in Teaching of English as a Foreign Language to Adults (CTEFLA). CELTA places great emphasis on teaching practice. With over 8,000 enrolments worldwide per year, CELTA is clearly the most popular TEFL course among teachers. It is externally validated by the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES).
CELTA courses are usually 4-week intensive programmes although it is sometimes possible to take the course on a part-time basis. In all CELTA courses, observed teaching practice is an important and integral part of the programme.
Entry requirements for CELTA courses vary somewhat from centre to centre. Although the course is open to native and non-native speakers, all candidates must be interviewed and take a language awareness test. Some centres require candidates to be graduates while others accept candidates with a good general education and command of English.
There are more than 200 centres offering CELTA courses in over 40 countries around the world. The course cost varies depending on centre.
Trinity Certificate in TESOL
About 4,000 candidates annually qualify for the Trinity College London Certificate in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages. The Trinity syllabus is strictly controlled with basic requirements common to all validated centres. All trainees are, for example, expected to experience learning a foreign language.
The course may be full-time, usually following a 4- to 6-week intensive programme with 130 tuition hours, or part-time over a number of months. In many Trinity centres, it is possible to take a short, presessional course as an introduction, while some centres also offer a correspondence module in addition to the main programme.
Entry requirements vary between a good educational background and a university degree, with a good command of English obviously being a prime requirement. No distinction is made between native and non-native speakers.
Most Trinity Centres are in the UK although there are now a growing number overseas. The course cost varies depending on centre.
Other TEFL courses
There are various other TEFL-related courses, some of them preparatory, some specialized, some run by chain schools who wish to train teachers in their own particular methods. Short, introductory courses can be useful to help you decide whether TEFL is for you or in the event that you cannot afford a full certificate course. Specialized courses (eg business English or neuro-linguistic programming) are useful for experienced teachers who wish to develop their careers.
Where can I find work once I have a certificate?
For classified advertisements, look at jobs offered at TEFL Jobs. You can also post your resume there free. The Times Educational Supplement, the Guardian and many other newspapers carry announcements.