The Direct Method

mother tongue forbidden

The Direct Method (DM) emerged in the 1890s largely as a response to the perceived inability of the Grammar-Translation Method to teach learners to genuinely communicate. The argument was that the Grammar-Translation Method taught learners about the target language but not how to speak the target-language. In DM, there is no translation. In fact mother-tongue is expressly forbidden, and all communication is directly in the target language. Vocabulary is explained through visual aids and miming. Listening and speaking skills are given priority, though reading and writing play their part. Grammar is deduced rather than instilled.

The Direct Method, also called the Natural Method, emerged first in Germany and France and was popularized by Berlitz

Typical features of a DM lesson:


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