Loulou wrote:There are some basics to remember:
- make the lessons short. An hour is too long; half an hour to 45 minutes is more than enough for this age group
- make the lesson fun
- Don't try to cover too much in one lesson
- Play various games; don't stick with just one because she will bet bored
If you are a bit lost without material then don't forget to start at the beginning...teach her how to say "hello, my name is" or "hello, I am". You can play this with a ball. If there is just you and her, have her roll you the ball. When you catch it, you must say "hello, my name is..." and then roll it to her. She must catch it and say "hello, my name is..". You can add an element of fun by starting off slow - roll the ball and then bounce it and then throw it and then clap your hands once before you catch it etc.. It's better if there are more of you but you can play this game with just 2.
You can also plan a lesson around a theme like colours. It may not fit in with your next lesson if you follow the lesson plans you are waiting for but it is not time wasted either!Print out colour flashcards from an esl site on internet and drill them. You can follow this on with a game I call the Smartie game. Children love this game: buy some smarties (if she's allowed to eat them, of course) and open the box on to the table. Choose a smartie, if she can tell you the colour she can have the smartie, if she can't you get it. Repeat the colour everytime she either gets the smartie or loses it. It's amazing how quickly children learn colours when you play this game. You can play it slowly or speed up the pace if she catches on quickly. Hide them behind your hand so she can't see which one you are going to choose. If she knows some numbers like 1-5, change the game and choose 2 yellow smarties and have her say "2 yellow smarties" instead of just "yellow". And so on...
These are just some ideas but these 2 games can be played in your first lesson and they will cover the half hour to 45 minutes. If you have some time at the end you can have her colour in a picture that needs different colours, like a rainbow or a clown's face and have her ask you for the colour she needs by saying "yellow please" and "thank you" once you give it to her. I don't normally think giving children colouring-in to do in a language lesson is very appropriate but it can be for 5 minutes if it means she has to learn the language you have taught her to ask for what she needs.
I have done lessons like this one and at the end the children will have learned how to say "I am" or "my name is", about 5 colours, and how to use the words "please" and "thank you". That's not bad for a four year old!
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