unicorn wrote:For Gerund and Infinitives, does a main verb always precede them?
Gerund is a verbal, having mainly the functions of Noun. It is never preceded by a 'main verb'.
Infinitive (or 'the name of a purpose') is different in that it can have various functions:
- To master
a language is not so easy as it may seem.
- This will be the night to remember
- I'd like you to answer
Adverbial of purpose
- You have to know 80% of the answer (in order) to pose
a question correctly.
Some forms coincide with the Infinitive form, when the latter is used without particle 'to' (as with modals). The easiest way to check whether Infinitive is used is to use it with negation.
Say, Imperative is such a form:
Stand up; Open the books; &c.
The negative form of Infinitive will be:
stand up; not to
open the books; &c.,
while Imperative form will be:
stand up; don't
open the books; &c.
If it helps,