I really need some help trying to explain when we use certain participle clauses. What is the rule for using a present participle, past participle or a present perfect participle clause? My students (and me!) are finding it difficult to identify when you should use the different participles when transforming the sentences.
For example, the following sentences:
1) She was intrigued by the news and wanted to know more - Intrigued by the news she wanted to know more
2) James was delayed by the traffic on the motorway, so he was extremely late - delayed by the traffic on the motorway, James was extremely late.
3) She wasn't particularly interested in the talk and decided not to go - Not being particularly interested in the talk, she decided not to go.
4) She didn't make a very good impression at the interview and was worried that she wouldn't get the job - Not having made a good impression at the interview, she was worried she wouldn't get the job.
Why do we use these participles for these sentences? Is their a clear rule? For example, why do we use the "being" in 3) but not in 1) & 2)? Why do we using "having" in 4?
I'd appreciate if anyone could explain this to me, i'm really struggling with it!