Thanks Peter for your response. I cannot think of any method that does not attract criticism, but as you say, it is often a theoretical exercise by a non-practicing academic. I am not too familiar with the silent way, i have recently heard that it is the preferred methodology at Holmesglen TAFE in Melbourne and will try to sit in on a class to observe. What do you think is the advantage of the silent way over direct method, they are both rooted in the trusted immersion model which I have always felt has its merits, although misses out on formal grammatical content and can tend to be too situational. Once again, depends on the desired outcome and context.